This series of posts will eventually include some information on all the species to be found within the AWB Region, starting with the Accipitridae Family. The main Category classification is the scientific Family name such as Accipitridae and the sub-categories are the English Family Names that make up the total Scientific Family, such as Buzzards or Eagles which form part of the Accipitridae Family. Because the Category tree is only two tier, further groupings will be made by Tags, which will be chosen as necessary to manage additional groupings. In order to view a list of posts in your chosen category, click on the Select Category arrow in the Categories widget that is on the RHS of all the posts.
Please note that the scientific Family posts, eg Accipitridae will only include families and species pertinent to the AWB Region.
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The Pelecanidae – Pelicans are a Family large water-birds of the Order Pelecaniformes. The 8 extant species are classified into 2 groups, with 3 in the New World and 5 in the Old World. Their long bills are characterized by having a very flexible pouch under the lower bill, ideal for getting rid of the excess water after catching fish under water. They are wide spread over Temperate and Tropical regions of the world as well as coastal waters, not the open ocean. They are usually gregarious in all their flying and fishing habits and nest colonially on inland wetlands and sheltered coastal waters where they search for fish at or near the surface. For nesting the white coloured species prefer to nest on the ground while the coloured species prefer to nest in trees.
Type - Water-bird Breeding Habitat - inland shallow water wetlands, coastal waters, isolated islands, trees, Wintering Habitat - unfrozen lakes, beaches, estuaries, sand spits, deltas,
Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae Genus: PelecanusRead More »
The Dalmatian Pelican – Pelecanus crispus is possibly the largest flying water-bird and is in the Family Pelecanidae and the Order Pelecaniformes. It has a distributed summer breeding range extending from Greece around the Black and Caspian Seas to its main range in Central Asia to W Mongolia. From where they winter in coastal China and India, the from the Caspian Region westwards they tend to migrate to the E Mediterranean and the northern coastal areas of the Arabian Gulf and the Arabian Sea from S Iraq to Gujarat. Within the AWB Region there are a few isolated areas where there are small Resident populations namely in W Turkey, Azerbaijan, SW and E Iran. There are also a few further small wintering areas in S Turkey, Central Levant and NE Egypt.
Type - Water-bird Breeding Habitat - estuaries, deltas, rivers, lakes, upland wetlands, Wintering Habitat - European ice free lakes, inshore seas, sheltered coasts
Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae Genus: Pelecanus
Species - Pelecanus crispus Dalmatian Pelican - Species - ebird.org Dalmatian Pelican - Species sheets - wikipedia.org Dalmatian Pelican - Wildlife - wscc.org.mn Dalmatian Pelican - Species - rewildingeurope.com Dalmatian Pelican - Sounds & Maps - xeno-canto.org
Additional Material... Dalmatian Pelican - Images - google.com Dalmatian Pelican - Video - youtube.com Dalmatian Pelican - Datazone - birdlife.orgRead More »
The Great white pelican – Pelecanus onocrotalus is a very large water-bird of the Family Pelecanidae and the Order Pelecaniformes. It has both a migratory breeding population distributed from SE Europe to Central Asia, and resident populations in sub Saharan Africa and the NW Indian sub-continent, and is found widely on Passage across SE Europe, the Levant and W and S Asia, to wintering areas in Africa and NW and NE Indian sub-continent. In the AWB Region there are summer Breeding Areas in Turkey, S Levant and the S Caucasus. The main wintering areas are right across and S of the Sahel States, and around the Red Sea coasts, there are also a few smaller areas in S Iraq, and SW and E Iran. There is a resident population in coastal Mauritania.
Type: water-bird Breeding Habitat: Lowland fresh or brackish water in lakes, deltas, marshes with dense reeds Wintering Habitat: Fresh water lakes, alkaline lakes, swamps, estuaries, coastal areas. isolated islands.
Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae Genus: Pelecanus
Species - Pelecanus onocrotalus Great white pelican - Species - ebird.org Great white pelican - Species sheet - wikipedia.org Great white pelican - Animals - animalcorner.org Great white pelican - Birds - avibirds.com Great white pelican - Sounds & Maps - xeno-canto.org
Additional Material... Great white pelican - Images - google.com Great white pelican - Video - youtube.com Great white pelican - Datazone - birdlife.orgRead More »
The Atlantic puffin – Fratercula arctica also known as the Common Puffin, is a smallish stocky seabird of the Alcidae Family, and the Order Charadriiformes. It is the only puffin native to the North Atlantic Ocean. It nests in colonies along islands and coastlines of the North Atlantic south to the British Isles. It spends the winter in the open sea, In the AWB Region it is found off the coasts of Morocco, Western Sahara and in the Western Mediterranean Sea.
Habitat Summer: breeding colonies, mostly on offshore islands, nests in burrows
Habitat Winter: open seas and ocean,
Order: Charadriiformes Family: Alcidae Genus: Fratercula
Species - Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin - Observations map - ebird.org Atlantic Puffin - Atlantic Puffin - Species sheet - marinebio.org Atlantic Puffin - Species Factsheet - birdlife.org Atlantic Puffin - Species sheet wikipedia.org Atlantic Puffin - Range and Calls - xeno-canto.org
Additional Information... Atlantic Puffin - Images - google.ae Atlantic Puffin - Video - youtube.com Atlantic Puffin - Red list status - iucnredlist.org
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The Phalacrocoracidae – Cormorants & Shags is a Family of medium to large Seabirds of the Order Suliformes. They are widely distributed across the World’s Oceans but are more coastal than oceanic. They have a thin long bill and webbed feet with short wings and are excellent surface divers. They nest colonially in trees or cliffs near the sea shore or more occasionally by inland waters.Read More »
The Socotra cormorant – Phalacrocorax nigrogularis, is a large surface diving seabird endemic to the coasts of the Arabian Gulf, Indian Ocean Arabia and Socotra island. It is a member of the Order Suliformes, and nests colonially on isolated islands, up to 10’s of thousands at a time, see the video below.
Order..: Suliformes Family.: Phalacrocoracidae Genus..: Phalacrocorax
Species: Phalacrocorax nigrogularis Socotra cormorant - Species - ebird.org Socotra cormorant - Species Sheet - wikipedia.org Socotra cormorant - Species - ead.gov.ae Socotra cormorant - Bahrain Bird Report - Socotra cormorant - Range and Calls - xeno-canto.org
Additional Material... Socotra cormorant - Images - google.ae Socotra cormorant - Video - youtube.com Socotra cormorant - Species Fact Sheet - birdlife.orgRead More »
The Great cormorant – Phalacrocorax carbo is a large seabird of the Family Phalacrocoracidae and of the Order Suliformes. It is widespread around the Tropical and Temperate World extending further north as a summer breeder in the N Atlantic. In the AWB Region it is a breeding summer visitor to Atlantic coasts of NW Africa, Turkey, the South Caucasus and adjoining NW Iran and is resident in small suitable areas in the Nile Delta, Turkey, the Caspian Sea area of Iran, and the SE Mekran coast of Iran. It winters along the Tigris Euphrates Valleys, the Nile Valley and coastal Algeria and Tunisia.
Species - Phalacrocorax carbo Great cormorant - Species - ebird.org Great cormorant - Species sheet - wikipedia.org Great cormorant - Guide - allaboutbirds.org Great cormorant - Card - oiseaux-birds.com Great cormorant - Sounds & Maps - xeno-canto.org
Additional Material. Great cormorant - Images - google.com Great cormorant - Video - youtube.com Great cormorant - Datazone - birdlife.orgRead More »
Northern gannet (Morus bassanus), is the largest species of the seabird Family Sulidae and is native to both sides of the North Atlantic. It breeds on isolated cliffs and islands, warmed by the Gulf Stream, and in winter spreads further South down the western seaboard to the Carribean and the eastern seaboard down to NW Africa the Mediterranean and the whole African Mediterranean coast.
Order..: Suliformes Family.: Sulidae Genus..: Morus
Species - Morus bassanus Northern Gannet - Sightings - ebird.org Northern Gannet - Species Sheet - wikipedia.org Northern Gannet - Species Sheet - jncc.defra.gov.uk Northern Gannet - Fact Sheet - fws.gov Northern Gannet - Range and Calls - xeno-canto.org
Additional Material... Northern Gannet - Images - google.ae Northern Gannet - Video - youtube.com Northern Gannet - Species Fact Sheet - birdlife.orgRead More »
The Sulidae – Boobies & Gannets are a Family of medium/large coastal Seabirds of the Order Suliformes. The Boobies are more Tropical in their distribution but the Gannets are found in more Temperate Waters. They have a spectacular plunge-dive for feeding, and when, as typically, this is done communally it is a memorable sight to see.Read More »
The Ciconiidae – Storks are a Family of very large wading-birds and are the only family in the Order Ciconiiformes. To complement their size, they have long legs. long necks. long bills, and long wings which contributes to their preferred method of soaring flight, for the largely migratory species.Read More »